Timelines

Animated Timeline Shows Nuclear Warheads by Country Over Time

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A nuclear warhead is a highly advanced and meticulously engineered device designed to release an immense amount of energy through nuclear fission or fusion reactions. Comprising fissile materials, triggering mechanisms, and containment structures, it operates by initiating a chain reaction within the atomic nucleus, leading to a catastrophic explosion that far surpasses the destructive power of conventional explosives. The controlled release of nuclear energy in warheads underscores their devastating potential, shaping global security dynamics and emphasizing the critical importance of preventing their use.

[OC] Nuclear Warheads by Country
by u/PieChartPirate in dataisbeautiful


This visualization, as posted by Reddit user PieChartPirate, shows off the nuclear warheads by country, specifically from 1950 through 2022. The visualization was created with SJVisualizer, and the source for the data came from Wikipedia. This is a fascinating look at this information, which by 2022, shows that the worldwide leader in terms of nuclear warheads is Russia with 5,889. Following Russia are the United States (5,244), China (410), France (290), United Kingdom (225), Pakistan (170), India (164), Israel (90), and North Korea (50).

According to the data, if you were to go all the way back to 1951, which is where this visualization starts, only two countries are represented – those being the United States (with 320 at the time) and the Soviet Union (with 7 at the time). Within ten years, more countries were topping the rankings, as by 1961, the United States had 19,381 nuclear warheads, the Soviet Union saw a dramatic jump from 7 to 1,874, the United Kingdom had 65, and France possessed just two.

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Timelines

Timeline Shows the Top 10 Most-Visited Websites Each Year Since 1995

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Although the internet was officially created in 1983, it did not become popular worldwide until the mid ‘90s. During the World Wide Web’s infancy, sites like AOL, GeoCities, Yahoo!, Netscape, and MSN ruled supreme. I have fond memories of using Infoseek and Lycos for research in school! Over time, the way humans interacted with the internet evolved, and with it, the most popular websites. A2Hosting.com has created this simple and striking visualization of the top 10 most-visited websites each year since 1995:

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timeline-most-visited-websites-chartistry

Here are the top 10 most-visited websites each year in 1995:

Rank Website Monthly Visits
1 AOL.com 37,485,000
2 Yahoo.com 32,612,000
3 Geocities.com 16,922,000
4 Netscape.com 16,075,000
5 Webcrawler.com 12,239,000
6 Excite.com 8,376,000
7 Prodigy.com 7,948,000
8 Infoseek.com 7,026,000
9 Lycos.com 6,849,000
10 Compuserve.com 3,283,000

And here are the top 10 most-visited websites each year in 2023:

Rank Website Monthly Visits
1 Google.com 83,800,000,000
2 YouTube.com 31,400,000,000
3 Facebook.com 16,100,000,000
4 Instagram.com 6,600,000,000
5 Twitter.com 5,900,000,000
6 Baidu.com 4,800,000,000
7 Wikipedia.org 4,300,000,000
8 Yahoo.com 3,400,000,000
9 Yandex.com 3,200,000,000
10 WhatsApp.com 3,000,000,000

As you can see, the only site that have survived the test of time is Yahoo.com, although it plummeted from 2nd place to 8th place. Why is Yahoo still around? Many people still have Yahoo email accounts, so that explains some of the traffic the website receives. Yahoo is also popular for its robust fantasy sports community. Google has dominated first place for most-visited website since 2006. Do you think Google will ever be replaced as the most popular website on the internet?

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Timelines

A History of the Oldest Flags in the World

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The flag of Denmark has been in use since 1625, making it the oldest flag in the world that has been continuously used. Denmark’s national flag is called the Dannebrog. The white-on-red cross has been used as a symbol of Denmark allegedly since the 14th century, but it wasn’t until the 1600s that the current flag has been recognized as the country’s official flag.

Do you know the other flags that have been in continuous use the longest? The team at Wizard Pins examined flag designs from countries all around the world to visualize which ones have been continuously used by their respective countries the longest. Do you know which other countries have the oldest flags?

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world-flags-timeline-the-chartsitry

The countries with the oldest flags in continuous use include the following:

  1. Denmark (1625): Red background with a white Nordic cross
  2. Netherlands (1660): Horizontal bands of red, white, and blue
  3. Nepal (1743): The only irregularly-shaped flag consisting of two pennants with a red background (representing the color of the country’s national flower, the rhododendron) and a blue border (symbolizing the color of peace)
  4. United Kingdom (1801): The UK flag, also known as the Union Jack, is composed of the red cross of St. George, the saltire of St. Patrick, and the saltire of St. Andrew
  5. Chile (1817): The Chilean flag is composed of two equal horizontal bands of white and red with a blue square and five-pointed white star in the upper left corner

The flag of the United States, with all 50 stars and 13 states, was officially adopted in 1960.

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Timelines

The 25 Brands With the Most Loyal Customers by Year

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What are your long-time favorite brands? Customer loyalty is key for the long-term success no matter the size of the brand! A loyal customer will continue to purchase from the brand and advocate for the brand both directly (word-of-mouth and social media) and indirectly (wearing/using the brand’s merchandise). So which brands have the most loyal customers? The team at Qualtrics.com has analyzed brand loyalty data to create this stunning ribbon chart visualization which showcases the top 25 brands with the most loyal customers since 2019.

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brands-most-loyal-customers-year-charistry

Despite their convoluted and frustrating parking lot situations, Trader Joe’s appears among the top 25 brands each year! Seriously though, why are Trader Joe’s parking lots always so tiny when they receive such a huge volume of customers? Oh well, their white cheddar corn puffs are worth the battle royale for a parking spot any day of the week. The ribbon chart format is perfect for visualizing this type of data because you can easily trace a brand’s rising and falling in ranks throughout the years. It makes it easy to spot one-offs as well, such as Pfizer in 2022. This makes sense because the FDA granted full approval to the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for individuals aged 16 and over in late summer of 2021. Domino’s is another curious case – it began at rank 15 in 2019 and has ascended to rank 3 by 2023! What will next year bring for Domino’s? Perhaps complete customer loyalty Domin-ation, toppling Apple, Amazon, and Netflix?

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