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Countries by Their Share of the Earth’s Surface

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The total surface area of the Earth is about 197 million square miles. Only about 29% of that area is land; which means the vast majority is covered in water. Looking at this fun and interesting visualization from VisualCapitalist.com you can easily see just how vast the words oceans are compared to land surface area. This information is presented in a gorgeous donut chart which is an efficient and one of our favorite ways to display data when you want to show comparisons. You can think of a donut chart just like a pie chart with the center cut out, this allows the viewer to see the differences easier when compared to slices in a pie chart. Check it out here:

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Countries Ranked by Share of Earth's Surface

Now, let’s dive into this graphic. Using data from the UNSD (the United Nations Statistics Division), this visualization breaks down individual countries’ share of the Earth’s surface. Russia, Canada, and China are the largest countries by surface area. Russia takes up a whopping 3.35% of the Earth’s land followed not-so-closely by Canada at 1.96%. The continent of Antarctica also takes up a large percentage of Earth’s surface area at 2.75% although .3% of that remains unclaimed and uninhabitable. Other nations that have a combined land mass of over 1% include the US at 1.87%, Brazil at 1.67%, and Australia at 1.51% respectively. There are a total of 195 countries and other regions that make the remaining 1% of the Earth’s surface area. The smallest on this list is the country of Monaco at just 499 acres and Vatican City, the smallest country in the world, taking up just 109 acres of the Earth’s surface.

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Charts

Where in the U.S. Have the Highest (and Lowest) High School Graduation Rates?

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The United States is a colossal country with an incredible range of beliefs, livelihoods, and experiences. One thing that unifies the vast majority of America is school. Federal laws require that children receive some form of education (public, private, homeschooling, etc.) for a period of time. In 2021, the average high school graduation rate in the United States was 85.3%. This incredibly detailed chart by the U.S. Career Institute explores how this rate varies across U.S. counties.

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high-school-graduation-rates-us-chartistry

Visually, I really appreciate the use of formal, “prestigious” colors for the heat map and throughout the chart. The header font is excellent; I am planning to use it in some of my own projects! The diploma-like border is a nice touch. Let’s take a closer look at the extra-large and small counties so we can get a more complete picture of how graduation rates vary across America.

Here are the top five extra-large counties with the high school highest graduation rates:

  1. Alleghany, Pennsylvania – 95%
  2. Oakland, Michigan – 94%
  3. Collin, Texas – 94%
  4. Montgomery, Pennsylvania – 94%
  5. King, Washington – 93%

And here are the five extra-large counties with the lowest high school graduation rates:

  1. Bronx, NY – 73%
  2. Kern, California – 74%
  3. Fresno, California – 76%
  4. El Paso, Texas – 78%
  5. Los Angeles, California – 79%

Here are the top 5 small counties with the highest high school graduation rates:

  1. Falls Church City, Virginia – 99%
  2. Clear Creek, Colorado – 99%
  3. Petroleum, Montana – 99%
  4. Morgan, Utah – 98%
  5. Gilpin, Colorado – 98%

And lastly, here are the top 5 small counties with the lowest high school graduation rates:

  1. Kenedy, Texas – 26%
  2. Presidio, Texas – 53%
  3. Hudspeth, Texas – 56%
  4. Clark, Idaho – 60%
  5. Issaquena, Mississippi – 61%

I suppose not everything is bigger in Texas after all. All kidding aside, I looked into why the education system in Texas is failing so many children. Some issues I encountered are low teacher salary, dropouts from traditional schooling in favor of trade school or other alternatives, gun violence, mental health struggles, and conflict surrounding how to assess children’s performance. It is such a massive state, so it is no wonder that reform comes slowly and with a lot of resistance.

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Every Coin the U.S. Mint has Produced Over the Past 100 Years, Visualized

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When you were growing up, do you remember your parents having a big cardboard U.S. map with slots for the official state quarters to fit into? When I was a kid, it was all the rage to collect those special shiny emblems and it was always exciting to acquire a new state coin. My parents filled about 60% of the board, and eventually the hype wore off and we ended up using the quarters for laundry. This made me wonder, “how many coins have there been made in the United States?” Fortunately, this fascinating visualization by WizardPins.com answers that question and more:

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every-coin-us-mint-produced-past-100-years-chartistry

I really love the elegant, minimalist color scheme – it has a gilded, “expensive” appearance that perfectly suits the topic. The fonts chosen throughout elevate this classy appearance, creating a cohesive chart that delivers an incredible amount of information in a refined way.

Between 1921 and 2020, the U.S. Mint has produced 816,138,372,612 coins which amounts to $169,541,902,128 billion in today’s dollars! I like to imagine being Scrooge McDuck and swimming in a shimmering ocean of all of those coins. In reality, doing that would probably be cold, smelly, and unpleasant, but it is still a fun daydream. I was most curious about how many pennies there are in the United States and found the answer promptly; over 66 billion pennies have been produced by the U.S. Mint. I also discovered that it actually costs the government 2 cents to produce one penny, which means it lost $76 million in 2020 by producing over $7.5 billion pennies. Seems like the copper is making us more “coppoor”. Sorry, I could not resist.

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Charts

Which Countries Offer the Most Mandated Maternity Leave Around the World?

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There is no denying that navigating parenthood is challenging, especially during a pandemic. If you are in the United States, you have to overcome the additional obstacle of parental leave, or lack thereof. Despite the fact that most developed countries in the world offer federally mandated paid parental leave, the United States does not. In fact, the U.S. has the enormous dishonor of being considered the only wealthy nation that offers no national paid parental leave. Let’s take a look at how parental leave compares across the globe.

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parental-leave-around-world-chartistry

As showcased by this chart created by PlaygroundEquipment.com, European countries such as Estonia, Bulgaria, and Hungary excel at providing their citizens with ample paid parental leave. On the map, the United States sticks out like a sore thumb. So why does this matter? The benefits of paid leave are well-documented. Here are just a handful of the benefits:

    • Supports children’s growth and development
    • Supports the physical and emotional health of the entire family unit
    • Supports family economic security
    • Develops stronger bonds
    • Benefits businesses and the economy by boosting productivity, employee retention, morale, and labor force participation

In studies of California’s paid leave program, around 90% of businesses reported either a positive or neutral impact on productivity and nearly all businesses (99%) highlighted positive or neutral effects on employee morale. 87% of businesses reported no increase in costs and 9% even reported savings thanks to lower rates of employee turnover and reduced spending on employee benefits. Perhaps it is time for America to catch up with the rest of the world.

Subject matter aside, it is truly a beautiful visualization! The header is bold and eye-catching, with the woman’s hair flowing down and leading the eye to the vibrant map. The country charts are dynamic and striking, and it has an overall energy that we hope can spark interest in paid parental leave reform.

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