Misc Visuals

A Timeline of the Marvel Cinematic Universe

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The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) is one of the most popular and lucrative franchises in the world. It’s the highest-grossing film franchise of all time, and also ranks very highly among the highest-grossing overall media franchises of all time beneath global powerhouses like Pokémon and Mickey Mouse. The movies and television series bounce around the timeline of the MCU, and the multitude of characters featured can make it hard to keep track of each hero’s journey throughout the universe.

Reddit user AdamJGarrod posted an original visualization to the Data is Beautiful subreddit which tracks the path of each character chronologically through the movies and television series, starting with Captain America through the not-yet-released The Marvels.

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timeline-marvel-mcu-chartistry

The graphic, created using digital illustration program Procreate, maps the progress of the most popular heroes in the MCU through the films and TV series that they appear in. Chronologically, the first film in the universe is Captain America, which takes place during World War II. Using the visualization, fans can chart the journeys of the three main characters (Captain America, Bucky Barnes, and Nick Fury) as they make their way through the different movies and shows of the MCU.

It’s also interesting to see where new characters first appeared in the MCU. Some of the heroes, like the Hulk and Iron Man, first appear in their respective eponymous films. Other characters, like Ant Man and Spider-Man, appear chronologically well before their own films were released.

Whether you’re a diehard Marvel buff or a casual fan of the films, you’re bound to find this unique visualization intriguing.

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Misc Visuals

What Really Happens When You Recycle?

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Most of us do our best to recycle when we can. From cardboard boxes to plastic drink containers, doing our part to recycle reduces waste and helps protect our planet. Is what we’re doing enough to offset the impact of wasteful materials on the environment? And how does single-stream recycling really work?

The visualization below created by O.Berk outlines what happens after you put paper, plastic, aluminum, and steel in the recycling bin.

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what-happens-when-recycle-chartistry

The graphic utilizes a flow chart to visualize how different materials are recycled based on a single-stream recycling process, which is where recyclables of all different types are placed in the same bin and sorted later at the facility. There are a number of processes that help sort materials at the recycling center:

    • Rotary screen separators help to sort paper products by pushing them up to wheels with air. The paper products stay up while the heavier objects fall to another conveyor belt underneath.
    • Cross belt magnets attract steel and other iron-containing metals to separate them from the rest.
    • Air classifiers are fans that push light products (such as plastic and aluminum) towards a conveyor belt above. Glass products fall to a conveyor belt below where they are then recycled.
    • Eddy current separators are spinning drums that create magnetic field that helps magnetize aluminum and push it towards a conveyor belt.
    • Infrared sensors use light reflection to determine different types of plastics. Then, a puff of air helps push them onto the correct conveyor belt based on the number indicated on the product.

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Maps

The Deadliest Building Collapses of All Time

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People aren’t perfect. Mistakes happen. Sometimes a mistake can cause an inconvenience and some mistakes have more severe consequences. If an architect, engineer, or builder makes a mistake those consequences can be deadly. Unfortunately, there have been a number of devastating structure collapses throughout history that have claimed a huge number of lives. Some were due to the negligence or incompetence of those who built it and some had other causes such as natural disasters or terrorism. This map and visualization from ForneyVault reveals the 30 deadliest building failures in history. Check it out here:

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deadliest-building-collapses-all-time-chartistry

The map above cleverly visualizes each building collapse using 3-D bars on a grid world map; the height of each bar represents the death toll. Towering above the rest is the deadliest building collapse in history which took place in 27 C.E. in ancient Rome when a poorly constructed amphitheater collapsed, killing 20,000 people. Next up took place in 1809 when 4,000 people perished after a floating bridge collapsed in Portugal.

The most recent on the list is another sad tale of negligence by those who built the structure. In 2016 in Taiwan, a residential building collapsed after an earthquake, 116 people were killed. At first, it seemed like it was a natural collapse resulting from the earthquake but it became apparent after searching the rubble that cooking oil cans had been used as structural materials and that the concrete had been mixed with other materials, rendering the building unsafe.

We were surprised to see that the infamous Surfside condominum collapse which took place near Miami in 2021 does not make the list with its 98 fatalities as the 30th and final building collapse incident on the list involved 111 deaths.

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Misc Visuals

What Every Patch and Insignia Means on a U.S. Military Uniform

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Military uniforms in the United States are as recognizable as they are iconic. Whether it’s in films such as Top Gun Maverick, television shows like M.A.S.H., video games like Call of Duty, or in real life, Americans are exposed to U.S. military uniforms on a regular basis. Most often represented is the active duty combat uniform which is officially called the battle dress uniform or BDU. This camouflaged uniform is complete with a series of patches indicating the identity of the soldier, the branch the soldier is enlisted in, their rank and so much more. What do all of those patches and pins mean? Luckily, the folks at Wizard Pins have created this ultimate visual guide to what every patch you might find on a military uniform means.

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patch-insignias-military-uniforms-patches-chartistry

Differences between military patches on Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and even the newly formed Space Force are surprisingly similar. Differences appear to be largely thematic between each military branch. For example, rank patches on U.S. Air Force uniforms resemble wings. Other patches are reserved for those belonging to special divisions, units, and those who have special skills. The visual does an exceptional job of explaining what each patch signifies and where they can be found.

On combat uniforms, rank patches are intentionally modest in appearance to prevent enemy combatants from being able to easily identify leadership from a distance. U.S. Army uniforms, U.S. Marine Corps uniforms, U.S. Navy uniforms, U.S. Coast Guard uniforms, U.S. Air Force uniforms, and U.S. Space Force uniforms may have subtle differences, but they are all uniforms representing one of the largest military forces on the planet.

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