Timelines

Animation Shows Earth’s Temperature Trends from 0 to 2019 AD

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Today’s animation comes to us from Reddit user /u/bgregory98 and visualizes global temperature trends from 0 to 2019 AD, the results are eye-opening:

Across the 2,000-year timeline, average global temperatures remain largely steady for the first 1,000 years and drop slightly for the next 500-750 years; what’s truly interesting about this animation is what happens in the final 200+ years. As the timeline approaches the industrial age, temperatures begin to rise and then skyrocket through to the modern day… the evidence is almost unsettling; human activity is undeniably affecting Earth’s temperatures.

Global warming and climate change have been hot topics for years. Even so, some people still don’t believe it’s real. However, scientists have studied climate models going back 50 years that have accurately predicted warming temperatures across the globe. These global temperatures have consistently risen around 0.9 degrees Celsius since 1970. What these models have also confirmed is that human activity is the cause. Climate change is caused from excess CO2 in the atmosphere. When people burn fossil fuel it creates carbon dioxide. This CO2 releases heat which then gets trapped in the earths upper atmosphere for 100 years, heating up the surface and leading to climate destruction. When scientists go to study climate change one thing they look at are Oxygen isotopes from ocean sediment. This is because they are tied to the earths ice caps. When water evaporates from the ocean’s surface, light isotopes of oxygen evaporate quicker because it takes less energy to break the chemical bonds. If these light isotopes then get carried to polar ice caps and trapped in the ice the ratio of these isotopes in the ocean goes down. What we are seeing now is the exact opposite. As the ice caps melt more oxygen isotopes are deposited into the ocean and the sea level rises. These ratios are recorded in shells of marine microorganisms and allow scientists to record how much the ice caps have grown or shrank around the globe. 


Economists and scientists alike believe that taxing carbon is one way to strengthen the global response towards climate change. A carbon tax is a fee that would be imposed on the use of coal, oil and gas. The goal would be to motivate people to move to cleaner energy sources by saving them money and also making them more energy efficient. Judging by the information in this automated graphic, the worlds temperature is going to continue to grow at an exponential rate because of the human race. What we do today will determine if this leads to the destruction of earth in hundreds of years or if we can slowly begin to repair the damage done. If everyone did their part even just small changes can make a big difference!

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Misc Visuals

A Timeline of the Marvel Cinematic Universe

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The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) is one of the most popular and lucrative franchises in the world. It’s the highest-grossing film franchise of all time, and also ranks very highly among the highest-grossing overall media franchises of all time beneath global powerhouses like Pokémon and Mickey Mouse. The movies and television series bounce around the timeline of the MCU, and the multitude of characters featured can make it hard to keep track of each hero’s journey throughout the universe.

Reddit user AdamJGarrod posted an original visualization to the Data is Beautiful subreddit which tracks the path of each character chronologically through the movies and television series, starting with Captain America through the not-yet-released The Marvels.

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timeline-marvel-mcu-chartistry

The graphic, created using digital illustration program Procreate, maps the progress of the most popular heroes in the MCU through the films and TV series that they appear in. Chronologically, the first film in the universe is Captain America, which takes place during World War II. Using the visualization, fans can chart the journeys of the three main characters (Captain America, Bucky Barnes, and Nick Fury) as they make their way through the different movies and shows of the MCU.

It’s also interesting to see where new characters first appeared in the MCU. Some of the heroes, like the Hulk and Iron Man, first appear in their respective eponymous films. Other characters, like Ant Man and Spider-Man, appear chronologically well before their own films were released.

Whether you’re a diehard Marvel buff or a casual fan of the films, you’re bound to find this unique visualization intriguing.

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Charts

Which Characters from “The Office” Have the Most Lines?

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Even though the last season of television show “The Office” aired in 2014, it’s still incredibly popular. It has become a cult classic and is one of the most popular shows to binge watch. Many fans of the show have seen the entire series multiple times and can recite the show’s most famous lines word for word.

The following visualization, created by Bo McReady, illustrates which characters from “The Office” had the largest share of lines spoken in each episode of the series.

(Note: spoilers abound!)

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office-character-lines-chartistry

The image utilizes a sparkline visualization to show the 20 characters that had the most on-screen lines throughout the course of the show. Michael Scott, the hapless yet beloved boss of Dunder Mifflin, typically has the most lines in every episode until he leaves the series in season 7. Dwight Schrute, Jim Halpert, and Pam Halpert (formerly Beesly) are close behind him, as the trio’s frequent banter is one of the most memorable parts of the show.

There are also some characters that did not appear in the early seasons of the show that rank highly on the chart. Andy Bernard, who first appeared at the Stamford branch of Dunder Mifflin in season 3, and Erin Hannon, who replaced Pam as the office’s receptionist in season 5, both have high spots on the list.

Interestingly, one of the show’s most popular characters didn’t make the list at all. Fan favorite Creed Bratton, despite appearing in many episodes from the pilot through the finale, is nowhere to be found on the chart. While his non sequiturs and disconcerting rants are unforgettable, they are few and far between in the show.

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Timelines

Cities that Saw the Most Small Business Openings Through the Years

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Many Americans have ambitions of opening their own business. From restaurants to clothing boutiques, small businesses are one of the hallmarks of the American dream. People from cities all over the country scout out the perfect locations to start their small businesses.

This visualization from WizardPins.com illustrates which U.S. cities had the most small business openings each year between 2009 and 2018.

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The image utilizes sorted stream graphs to visualize the 10 cities that had the highest percentage of new small business openings each year. It also contains a contrasting graph that illustrates the U.S. cities with the highest percentage of small business closings each year. Some cities (like Austin-Round Rock, TX and Midland, TX) manage to make the list nearly every year. In contrast, Charleston, WV sadly has experienced the one of the highest rates of small business closures since 2013.

As of 2018, these are the U.S. cities that have the highest percentages of small business openings:

  1. Boise City, ID — 4.274% increase
  2. Provo/Orem, UT — 4.109% increase
  3. Bend/Redmond, OR — 3.889% increase
  4. St. George, UT — 3.64% increase
  5. Coeur d’Alene, ID — 3.518% increase
  6. Bozeman, MT — 3.434% increase
  7. Midland, TX — 3.326% increase
  8. Austin/Round Rock, TX — 3.11% increase
  9. Greeley, CO — 2.959% increase
  10. Wilmington, NC — 2.802% increase

Surprisingly, Idaho cities make the list multiple times. Boise, Idaho’s capital city, saw a more than 4% increase in small business openings in 2018. This makes them the city with the highest rate of small business openings in the country. Coming in at the number five spot is Coeur d’Alene. It’s the largest city in North Idaho

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