Timelines

Animation Shows Earth’s Temperature Trends from 0 to 2019 AD

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Today’s animation comes to us from Reddit user /u/bgregory98 and visualizes global temperature trends from 0 to 2019 AD, the results are eye-opening:

Across the 2,000-year timeline, average global temperatures remain largely steady for the first 1,000 years and drop slightly for the next 500-750 years; what’s truly interesting about this animation is what happens in the final 200+ years. As the timeline approaches the industrial age, temperatures begin to rise and then skyrocket through to the modern day… the evidence is almost unsettling; human activity is undeniably affecting Earth’s temperatures.

Global warming and climate change have been hot topics for years. Even so, some people still don’t believe it’s real. However, scientists have studied climate models going back 50 years that have accurately predicted warming temperatures across the globe. These global temperatures have consistently risen around 0.9 degrees Celsius since 1970. What these models have also confirmed is that human activity is the cause. Climate change is caused from excess CO2 in the atmosphere. When people burn fossil fuel it creates carbon dioxide. This CO2 releases heat which then gets trapped in the earths upper atmosphere for 100 years, heating up the surface and leading to climate destruction. When scientists go to study climate change one thing they look at are Oxygen isotopes from ocean sediment. This is because they are tied to the earths ice caps. When water evaporates from the ocean’s surface, light isotopes of oxygen evaporate quicker because it takes less energy to break the chemical bonds. If these light isotopes then get carried to polar ice caps and trapped in the ice the ratio of these isotopes in the ocean goes down. What we are seeing now is the exact opposite. As the ice caps melt more oxygen isotopes are deposited into the ocean and the sea level rises. These ratios are recorded in shells of marine microorganisms and allow scientists to record how much the ice caps have grown or shrank around the globe. 


Economists and scientists alike believe that taxing carbon is one way to strengthen the global response towards climate change. A carbon tax is a fee that would be imposed on the use of coal, oil and gas. The goal would be to motivate people to move to cleaner energy sources by saving them money and also making them more energy efficient. Judging by the information in this automated graphic, the worlds temperature is going to continue to grow at an exponential rate because of the human race. What we do today will determine if this leads to the destruction of earth in hundreds of years or if we can slowly begin to repair the damage done. If everyone did their part even just small changes can make a big difference!

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Timelines

Timeline Shows the Top 10 Most-Visited Websites Each Year Since 1995

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Although the internet was officially created in 1983, it did not become popular worldwide until the mid ‘90s. During the World Wide Web’s infancy, sites like AOL, GeoCities, Yahoo!, Netscape, and MSN ruled supreme. I have fond memories of using Infoseek and Lycos for research in school! Over time, the way humans interacted with the internet evolved, and with it, the most popular websites. A2Hosting.com has created this simple and striking visualization of the top 10 most-visited websites each year since 1995:

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timeline-most-visited-websites-chartistry

Here are the top 10 most-visited websites each year in 1995:

Rank Website Monthly Visits
1 AOL.com 37,485,000
2 Yahoo.com 32,612,000
3 Geocities.com 16,922,000
4 Netscape.com 16,075,000
5 Webcrawler.com 12,239,000
6 Excite.com 8,376,000
7 Prodigy.com 7,948,000
8 Infoseek.com 7,026,000
9 Lycos.com 6,849,000
10 Compuserve.com 3,283,000

And here are the top 10 most-visited websites each year in 2023:

Rank Website Monthly Visits
1 Google.com 83,800,000,000
2 YouTube.com 31,400,000,000
3 Facebook.com 16,100,000,000
4 Instagram.com 6,600,000,000
5 Twitter.com 5,900,000,000
6 Baidu.com 4,800,000,000
7 Wikipedia.org 4,300,000,000
8 Yahoo.com 3,400,000,000
9 Yandex.com 3,200,000,000
10 WhatsApp.com 3,000,000,000

As you can see, the only site that have survived the test of time is Yahoo.com, although it plummeted from 2nd place to 8th place. Why is Yahoo still around? Many people still have Yahoo email accounts, so that explains some of the traffic the website receives. Yahoo is also popular for its robust fantasy sports community. Google has dominated first place for most-visited website since 2006. Do you think Google will ever be replaced as the most popular website on the internet?

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Timelines

A History of the Oldest Flags in the World

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The flag of Denmark has been in use since 1625, making it the oldest flag in the world that has been continuously used. Denmark’s national flag is called the Dannebrog. The white-on-red cross has been used as a symbol of Denmark allegedly since the 14th century, but it wasn’t until the 1600s that the current flag has been recognized as the country’s official flag.

Do you know the other flags that have been in continuous use the longest? The team at Wizard Pins examined flag designs from countries all around the world to visualize which ones have been continuously used by their respective countries the longest. Do you know which other countries have the oldest flags?

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world-flags-timeline-the-chartsitry

The countries with the oldest flags in continuous use include the following:

  1. Denmark (1625): Red background with a white Nordic cross
  2. Netherlands (1660): Horizontal bands of red, white, and blue
  3. Nepal (1743): The only irregularly-shaped flag consisting of two pennants with a red background (representing the color of the country’s national flower, the rhododendron) and a blue border (symbolizing the color of peace)
  4. United Kingdom (1801): The UK flag, also known as the Union Jack, is composed of the red cross of St. George, the saltire of St. Patrick, and the saltire of St. Andrew
  5. Chile (1817): The Chilean flag is composed of two equal horizontal bands of white and red with a blue square and five-pointed white star in the upper left corner

The flag of the United States, with all 50 stars and 13 states, was officially adopted in 1960.

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Timelines

The 25 Brands With the Most Loyal Customers by Year

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What are your long-time favorite brands? Customer loyalty is key for the long-term success no matter the size of the brand! A loyal customer will continue to purchase from the brand and advocate for the brand both directly (word-of-mouth and social media) and indirectly (wearing/using the brand’s merchandise). So which brands have the most loyal customers? The team at Qualtrics.com has analyzed brand loyalty data to create this stunning ribbon chart visualization which showcases the top 25 brands with the most loyal customers since 2019.

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brands-most-loyal-customers-year-charistry

Despite their convoluted and frustrating parking lot situations, Trader Joe’s appears among the top 25 brands each year! Seriously though, why are Trader Joe’s parking lots always so tiny when they receive such a huge volume of customers? Oh well, their white cheddar corn puffs are worth the battle royale for a parking spot any day of the week. The ribbon chart format is perfect for visualizing this type of data because you can easily trace a brand’s rising and falling in ranks throughout the years. It makes it easy to spot one-offs as well, such as Pfizer in 2022. This makes sense because the FDA granted full approval to the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for individuals aged 16 and over in late summer of 2021. Domino’s is another curious case – it began at rank 15 in 2019 and has ascended to rank 3 by 2023! What will next year bring for Domino’s? Perhaps complete customer loyalty Domin-ation, toppling Apple, Amazon, and Netflix?

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