Maps

How Does Every U.S. State Compare in Their Recess Policies?

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If you are in your twenties or older, you probably look back to your elementary school days and remember recess fondly. Sadly, over the years some schools in the US have done away with recess entirely in order to boost test scores. Even though there are studies that contradict that very notion. In 2016, psychologist Karrie Godwin researched the attentiveness of elementary students during class and found they could focus better with lessons that were taught with short breaks. Recess and brain breaks not only help students decompress, but also encourages them to practice social skills and allows them to play creatively with their own imaginations. The students in the study were found to be more focused and less distracted when they were allowed short breaks. You may be surprised to find out that most states do not have any laws that require recess in schools. There are only five states that mandate a 20-minute break. This map of recess policies across America gives each state a grade letter score from A to F.

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Massachusetts which is currently receives a D score has the opportunity to improve their grade if a recent bill is passed that requires 20 minutes of recess. There are some states like Maine, Maryland, Oregon, South Carolina, and Wisconsin where recess can be withheld from a student as a form of punishment. The best recess policies on the map are found in states that mandate 20-30 minutes of daily recess. Alaska, Arizona, Iowa, Arkansas, West Virginia, North Carolina, Virginia, New Jersey, and Rhode Island all got A’s.

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Charts

The Oldest Businesses in the United States

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Across America, there are many businesses still in operation that are older than the Declaration of Independence! Since the dawn of the United States, establishing a business to serve the people and make a living has been a cornerstone of the American spirit. This fascinating chart created by the team at Wyoming Trust & LLC Attorney is a celebration of the pioneering backbone of the the United States:

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Did you know that the Jim Beam Distillery has been in operation since George Washington was president? It was established in 1975, making it the oldest business in Kentucky. That’s why I love gathering content to share with Chartistry; you get to learn all sorts of obscure trivia!

The oldest business in the United States that is still operational is the Shirley Plantation in Charles City, Virginia. The grounds were first established in 1613 by English merchant and politician Sir Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr. Here is another fun fact about the baron; the bay, river, a Native American people, and a U.S. state were all named “Delaware” after him.

The second oldest business in America is Tuttle’s Red Barn in Dover, New Hampshire, established in 1632. There are claims that it is the oldest known family-owned farm in America, but this has been challenged. It has been passed down across eleven generations since John Tuttle arrived in the New World with a land grant from Charles II of England. It was originally 20 acres, but it expanded to its peak of 240 acres during the 20th century. Nowadays, the farm’s largest crop is sweet corn.

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Charts

Which State Has The Highest and the Lowest Rate of Boat Ownership?

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Where in the United States do you think you would find the highest rate of boats per capita? If you guessed Minnesota, you would be correct! According to SIYachts.com’s chart ‘Which U.S. State has the Most Recreational Boats & Yachts per Capita?’, there are 143.6 boats and yachts per 1,000 people in Minnesota. The state boasts the most named lakes in the country with 15,291 natural lakes; 11,824 of which are larger than 10 acres making them a great option to boat on. Due to the vast number of lakes across the state, Minnesota is known as the Land of 10,000 Lakes. Wisconsin has almost as many lakes as Minnesota with 15,074; although only 6,044 of the lakes are named. A lake is commonly left unnamed if it is too tiny, a farm pond, or a minor lake in a remote area.

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On the flip side, which state do you think would have the lowest rate of boats and yachts per capita? You may be surprised to find that Hawaii ranked last in the nation with a rate of 8.5 boats and yachts per 1,000 people. Minnesota’s rate per capita is seventeen times the rate in Hawaii! Why is the rate so low in a state that is surrounded by water? Apparently a lack of support for the industry and its necessary infrastructure is to blame. Hawaii’s limited number of marinas are small in size, and many are in need of repair. This has led to a high cost for storing boats on land, another deterrent to the state’s boating industry. Which states were you surprised to see had such a high, or low, rate of boat ownership?

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Charts

What is the Most Troublesome Transmissible Disease Around the World?

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Transmissible diseases, also known as infectious or communicable diseases, are illnesses that spread from person to person through breathing in an airborne disease, contact with an infected person’s blood or bodily fluids, or being bitten by an infected insect. These diseases can range from being asymptomatic to being fatal. What is the most troublesome transmissible disease in each country?

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The above visualization utilizes a Choropleth heat map to indicate the transmissible disease that is responsible for the most disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost in every country. Below, bubbles are used to represent the DALYs lost to each country’s most dangerous transmissible disease.

The following are the 10 countries that have the most DALYs lost due to their respective most dangerous transmissible diseases:

  1. India: 24,836.1 DALYs lost to tuberculosis
  2. Nigeria: 16,230.4 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  3. Pakistan: 5,861.8 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  4. Indonesia: 4,985.2 DALYs lost to tuberculosis
  5. South Africa: 4,637.9 DALYs lost to HIV/AIDS
  6. Democratic Republic of the Congo: 4,586.6 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  7. China: 4,209.4 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  8. Ethiopia: 3,267.5 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  9. Mozambique: 3,163.5 DALYs lost to HIV/AIDS
  10. Philippines: 2,166.6 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections

India tops the list with nearly 25,000 life years lost due to tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease that attacks the lungs. In 2020, an estimated 10 million people contracted tuberculosis, resulting in about 1.5 million deaths. Symptoms of tuberculosis include coughing, chest pain, weight loss, and fever.

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