Maps

The Availability of Water Around the World

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As the human race expands it is also depleting natural resources at an alarming rate. The entire planet has less than 1 percent of freshwater available for human consumption and 70 percent of that usable water is utilized for farming and livestock. People may be surprised to learn that the average meat eaters diet in the US consumes 1,320 gallons of water a day to generate. Areas around the world where malnutrition is a problem are often the same areas that droughts and flooding hit the hardest. When water becomes scarce, so does the food supply. Today’s visualization comes to us from Roman Zydyk who shared his work in the visualization subreddit. He created this piece using Tableau. Check it out:

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Fast Facts:

  • Asia is the continent with the least amount of water and North America is second behind it.
  • South America is the continent with the most fresh water reserves available. 
  • The country of Turkmenistan in the Middle East uses the most water in the world on agriculture.
  • Africa is the continent with the worst access to clean drinking water for its population.
  • 780 million people (approx.1 in 9) live without access to an improved water source.
  • An improved water source is any process that protects water from outside contamination, such as fecal matter.

There are many simple ways you can help conserve water. We all know taking shorter showers helps but did you know that taking a bath will save more water then even the quickest showers? If you are someone who gardens or likes to water the lawn, you could install a rain barrel to collect run off and reuse it for irrigation. Another great way to save water, time and your hands is to wash dishes in the dishwasher. Using an Energy Star certified appliance can use as little as three gallons per load opposed to cleaning them in the sink, which can use over 25 gallons. Doing your job to conserve water benefits our society now and the many generations that will hopefully follow it. 

Other great water conservation resources: 

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Charts

The Oldest Businesses in the United States

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Across America, there are many businesses still in operation that are older than the Declaration of Independence! Since the dawn of the United States, establishing a business to serve the people and make a living has been a cornerstone of the American spirit. This fascinating chart created by the team at Wyoming Trust & LLC Attorney is a celebration of the pioneering backbone of the the United States:

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oldest-businesses-us-chartistry

Did you know that the Jim Beam Distillery has been in operation since George Washington was president? It was established in 1975, making it the oldest business in Kentucky. That’s why I love gathering content to share with Chartistry; you get to learn all sorts of obscure trivia!

The oldest business in the United States that is still operational is the Shirley Plantation in Charles City, Virginia. The grounds were first established in 1613 by English merchant and politician Sir Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr. Here is another fun fact about the baron; the bay, river, a Native American people, and a U.S. state were all named “Delaware” after him.

The second oldest business in America is Tuttle’s Red Barn in Dover, New Hampshire, established in 1632. There are claims that it is the oldest known family-owned farm in America, but this has been challenged. It has been passed down across eleven generations since John Tuttle arrived in the New World with a land grant from Charles II of England. It was originally 20 acres, but it expanded to its peak of 240 acres during the 20th century. Nowadays, the farm’s largest crop is sweet corn.

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Charts

Which State Has The Highest and the Lowest Rate of Boat Ownership?

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Where in the United States do you think you would find the highest rate of boats per capita? If you guessed Minnesota, you would be correct! According to SIYachts.com’s chart ‘Which U.S. State has the Most Recreational Boats & Yachts per Capita?’, there are 143.6 boats and yachts per 1,000 people in Minnesota. The state boasts the most named lakes in the country with 15,291 natural lakes; 11,824 of which are larger than 10 acres making them a great option to boat on. Due to the vast number of lakes across the state, Minnesota is known as the Land of 10,000 Lakes. Wisconsin has almost as many lakes as Minnesota with 15,074; although only 6,044 of the lakes are named. A lake is commonly left unnamed if it is too tiny, a farm pond, or a minor lake in a remote area.

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highest-rate-boat-ownership-chartistry

On the flip side, which state do you think would have the lowest rate of boats and yachts per capita? You may be surprised to find that Hawaii ranked last in the nation with a rate of 8.5 boats and yachts per 1,000 people. Minnesota’s rate per capita is seventeen times the rate in Hawaii! Why is the rate so low in a state that is surrounded by water? Apparently a lack of support for the industry and its necessary infrastructure is to blame. Hawaii’s limited number of marinas are small in size, and many are in need of repair. This has led to a high cost for storing boats on land, another deterrent to the state’s boating industry. Which states were you surprised to see had such a high, or low, rate of boat ownership?

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Charts

What is the Most Troublesome Transmissible Disease Around the World?

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Transmissible diseases, also known as infectious or communicable diseases, are illnesses that spread from person to person through breathing in an airborne disease, contact with an infected person’s blood or bodily fluids, or being bitten by an infected insect. These diseases can range from being asymptomatic to being fatal. What is the most troublesome transmissible disease in each country?

most-troublesome-tranmissible-disease-chartistry

The above visualization utilizes a Choropleth heat map to indicate the transmissible disease that is responsible for the most disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost in every country. Below, bubbles are used to represent the DALYs lost to each country’s most dangerous transmissible disease.

The following are the 10 countries that have the most DALYs lost due to their respective most dangerous transmissible diseases:

  1. India: 24,836.1 DALYs lost to tuberculosis
  2. Nigeria: 16,230.4 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  3. Pakistan: 5,861.8 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  4. Indonesia: 4,985.2 DALYs lost to tuberculosis
  5. South Africa: 4,637.9 DALYs lost to HIV/AIDS
  6. Democratic Republic of the Congo: 4,586.6 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  7. China: 4,209.4 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  8. Ethiopia: 3,267.5 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  9. Mozambique: 3,163.5 DALYs lost to HIV/AIDS
  10. Philippines: 2,166.6 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections

India tops the list with nearly 25,000 life years lost due to tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease that attacks the lungs. In 2020, an estimated 10 million people contracted tuberculosis, resulting in about 1.5 million deaths. Symptoms of tuberculosis include coughing, chest pain, weight loss, and fever.

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