Timelines

This Spiral Timeline Shows the History of Life on Earth

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The Earth has evolved throughout billions of years to become the ground we walk on today. Since the earliest start of organic material 3 billion years ago, this spiral timeline, created by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), charts how life has evolved through different periods of time.

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history-of-life-on-earth-chartistry

The Precambrian period is known by scientists as the earliest part of Earth’s history. During this time, continents began to form and an atmosphere that could harbor life. Early multi-celled creatures developed like worms and jellyfish. You can see in the visualization how life began to really start to flourish from the Precambrian into the Cambrian period which lasted about 55.6 million years. It is also the first time that the first vertebrates, fish, appeared in fossils.

Next came the Ordovician period. This period lasted for about 45 million years and saw modern sea life start to form. Next came one of the shortest periods in terms of evolution, the Silurian Period which only lasted about 28 million years. During this time a warm climate and high sea level allowed coral reefs and sponges to thrive. This spiral graph shows the next periods of life from the Devonian period, Mississippian period, Pennsylvanian period, Permian period, Triassic period, and Jurassic period. This may be one of the most familiar periods because everyone knows and loves the dinosaurs. What you may not know is that dinosaurs actually made a comeback during this period after they nearly went extinct at the end of the Triassic period. The Jurassic period also saw the development of oysters, crabs, lobsters, crocodiles, sharks, and bony fish. This graphic brings us all the way up to the Holocene Epoch period which is the most current period in Earth’s history.

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Timelines

This Timeline Shows The Most Famous Instances of Brand Names Becoming Everyday Words

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Google it! This is perhaps one of the most abundant examples of a brand name evolving into an everyday word. The cultural phenomena of brand names gradually becoming a part of the vernacular and losing their trademarks has been happening since kerosene was trademarked in 1854 by Nova Scotia geologist and inventor Abraham Gesner. Over time, other manufacturers began putting their brand on kerosene. This is known as genericide. Intense name indeed. The team at LLC Attorney has created this fun and vibrant timeline of brand names that became everyday words. I learned a lot, and I hope you do too!

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brand-names-words-timeline-chartistry

I had no idea about a lot of these, especially linoleum! Linoleum is believed to be one of the first brand names to transform into an everyday word. The brand name ‘Linoleum’ was first introduced by inventor Frederick Walton in 1864. After five years of extensive advertising, his product began sweeping across Europe and beyond. In 1878, he filed a lawsuit for trademark infringement against another flooring manufacturer that began using the Linoleum name in America. Unfortunately for Walton, the court dismissed the lawsuit because he had never trademarked the brand name and linoleum had become so widely used that it had become a generic term. Talk about flooring the competition! Other examples that surprise me are ping pong, yo-yo, dry ice, and heroin! Heroin was the name of a morphine-derived drug created and trademarked by Bayer in 1898. They lost the trademark to genericide by 1917.

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Timelines

Timeline Shows the Top 10 Most-Visited Websites Each Year Since 1995

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Although the internet was officially created in 1983, it did not become popular worldwide until the mid ‘90s. During the World Wide Web’s infancy, sites like AOL, GeoCities, Yahoo!, Netscape, and MSN ruled supreme. I have fond memories of using Infoseek and Lycos for research in school! Over time, the way humans interacted with the internet evolved, and with it, the most popular websites. A2Hosting.com has created this simple and striking visualization of the top 10 most-visited websites each year since 1995:

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timeline-most-visited-websites-chartistry

Here are the top 10 most-visited websites each year in 1995:

Rank Website Monthly Visits
1 AOL.com 37,485,000
2 Yahoo.com 32,612,000
3 Geocities.com 16,922,000
4 Netscape.com 16,075,000
5 Webcrawler.com 12,239,000
6 Excite.com 8,376,000
7 Prodigy.com 7,948,000
8 Infoseek.com 7,026,000
9 Lycos.com 6,849,000
10 Compuserve.com 3,283,000

And here are the top 10 most-visited websites each year in 2023:

Rank Website Monthly Visits
1 Google.com 83,800,000,000
2 YouTube.com 31,400,000,000
3 Facebook.com 16,100,000,000
4 Instagram.com 6,600,000,000
5 Twitter.com 5,900,000,000
6 Baidu.com 4,800,000,000
7 Wikipedia.org 4,300,000,000
8 Yahoo.com 3,400,000,000
9 Yandex.com 3,200,000,000
10 WhatsApp.com 3,000,000,000

As you can see, the only site that have survived the test of time is Yahoo.com, although it plummeted from 2nd place to 8th place. Why is Yahoo still around? Many people still have Yahoo email accounts, so that explains some of the traffic the website receives. Yahoo is also popular for its robust fantasy sports community. Google has dominated first place for most-visited website since 2006. Do you think Google will ever be replaced as the most popular website on the internet?

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Timelines

A History of the Oldest Flags in the World

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The flag of Denmark has been in use since 1625, making it the oldest flag in the world that has been continuously used. Denmark’s national flag is called the Dannebrog. The white-on-red cross has been used as a symbol of Denmark allegedly since the 14th century, but it wasn’t until the 1600s that the current flag has been recognized as the country’s official flag.

Do you know the other flags that have been in continuous use the longest? The team at Wizard Pins examined flag designs from countries all around the world to visualize which ones have been continuously used by their respective countries the longest. Do you know which other countries have the oldest flags?

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world-flags-timeline-the-chartsitry

The countries with the oldest flags in continuous use include the following:

  1. Denmark (1625): Red background with a white Nordic cross
  2. Netherlands (1660): Horizontal bands of red, white, and blue
  3. Nepal (1743): The only irregularly-shaped flag consisting of two pennants with a red background (representing the color of the country’s national flower, the rhododendron) and a blue border (symbolizing the color of peace)
  4. United Kingdom (1801): The UK flag, also known as the Union Jack, is composed of the red cross of St. George, the saltire of St. Patrick, and the saltire of St. Andrew
  5. Chile (1817): The Chilean flag is composed of two equal horizontal bands of white and red with a blue square and five-pointed white star in the upper left corner

The flag of the United States, with all 50 stars and 13 states, was officially adopted in 1960.

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