Maps

Time-lapse Videos Show the Rise and Fall of Iconic American Retail Stores

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The rise of major streaming services such as Netflix and online retailers such as Amazon have had a devastating impact on once-booming American classic retail establishments such as Blockbuster Video and Toys“R”Us. This phenomenon is precisely what today’s time-lapse density maps aim to visualize.

These videos come to us from Reddit user /u/V1Analytics. The user created them using Excel, Python, and Blender 2.8. They shared them on the /r/DataisBeautiful Subreddit here and here where they raked in an impressive number of Upvotes at over 90k and 57k respectively.

Blockbuster Video US store locations between 1986 and 2019

Blockbuster Video opened its first retail location in October of 1985, but this time-lapse starts 10 months later in August of 1986. At the time, the company boasted only 5 stores. The company almost immediately saw what can only be described as a viral spread of locations. One year later, there were 68 stores spanning coast to coast and by 2003, the company was hitting its peak at about 5,600 stores nationwide. But after nearly 20 years of steady growth and industry domination, the tides began to turn. The company lost over 80% of its stores with about 1,000 remaining by 2012, and was at about 350 stores at the same time the following year. Today, there is still 1 store (albeit privately owned) in operation in Bend, Oregon.

[OC] Blockbuster Video US store locations between 1986 and 2019 from r/dataisbeautiful

From August to August, here’s a quick yearly rundown of how fast the company spread and how fast it all came crumbling down.

  • 1986 – 5 stores
  • 1987 – 68
  • 1988 – 290
  • 1989 – 794
  • 1990 – 1,234
  • 1991 – 1,578
  • 1992 – 1,899
  • 1993 – 2,251
  • 1994 – 2,587
  • 1995 – 2,942
  • 1996 – 3,285
  • 1997 – 3,645
  • 1998 – 3,934
  • 1999 – 4,468
  • 2000 – 4,978
  • 2001 – 5,240
  • 2002 – 5,433
  • 2003 – 5,569 (notice the decrease in growth from ’02 to ’03)
  • 2004 – 5,690 (still growing … but barely)
  • 2005 – 5,678 (holding steady?)
  • 2006 – 5,315 (over 300 stores lost in 1 year)
  • 2007 – 4,914
  • 2008 – 4,629 (consistently losing 300-400 stores per year; now falling as fast as it was once growing)
  • 2009 – 4,188
  • 2010 – 3,480 (not looking good)
  • 2011 – 2,097 (yikes)
  • 2012 – 1,097 (1,000 stores down in one year!)
  • 2013 – 361
  • 2014 – 44
  • 2015 – 24 (the final stores certainly put up a fight)
  • 2016 – 14 (still holding on)
  • 2017 – 9 (back down to 1986 numbers 30 years later)
  • 2018 – 2
  • 2019 – 1 (and that store is still open today!)

In the end, its reliance on brick and mortar and inability to adjust with the times (Netflix DVD delivery and eventual streaming services) lead to its swift and painful demise.

Toys“R”Us Stores Across the US from 1957 to 2020

And here’s a similar tale from another classic bygone store. For those of you who are too young to remember, Toys“R”Us was the Shangri-La for kids; literally a full size department store FILLED with toys. The nostaliga is real!

It was glorious but simply could not compete with the major online retailers such as Amazon. See for yourself below:

[OC] Toys “R” Us Stores across the US from 1957 to 2020 from r/dataisbeautiful

Surprisingly, as of 2019, Toys“R”Us is trying to make a comeback in the United States.

Now hopefully we can convince V1Analytics to do the same with KB Toys and even Gamestop/EB Games now that they’re on the way out.

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Charts

The Oldest Businesses in the United States

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Across America, there are many businesses still in operation that are older than the Declaration of Independence! Since the dawn of the United States, establishing a business to serve the people and make a living has been a cornerstone of the American spirit. This fascinating chart created by the team at Wyoming Trust & LLC Attorney is a celebration of the pioneering backbone of the the United States:

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oldest-businesses-us-chartistry

Did you know that the Jim Beam Distillery has been in operation since George Washington was president? It was established in 1975, making it the oldest business in Kentucky. That’s why I love gathering content to share with Chartistry; you get to learn all sorts of obscure trivia!

The oldest business in the United States that is still operational is the Shirley Plantation in Charles City, Virginia. The grounds were first established in 1613 by English merchant and politician Sir Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr. Here is another fun fact about the baron; the bay, river, a Native American people, and a U.S. state were all named “Delaware” after him.

The second oldest business in America is Tuttle’s Red Barn in Dover, New Hampshire, established in 1632. There are claims that it is the oldest known family-owned farm in America, but this has been challenged. It has been passed down across eleven generations since John Tuttle arrived in the New World with a land grant from Charles II of England. It was originally 20 acres, but it expanded to its peak of 240 acres during the 20th century. Nowadays, the farm’s largest crop is sweet corn.

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Charts

Which State Has The Highest and the Lowest Rate of Boat Ownership?

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Where in the United States do you think you would find the highest rate of boats per capita? If you guessed Minnesota, you would be correct! According to SIYachts.com’s chart ‘Which U.S. State has the Most Recreational Boats & Yachts per Capita?’, there are 143.6 boats and yachts per 1,000 people in Minnesota. The state boasts the most named lakes in the country with 15,291 natural lakes; 11,824 of which are larger than 10 acres making them a great option to boat on. Due to the vast number of lakes across the state, Minnesota is known as the Land of 10,000 Lakes. Wisconsin has almost as many lakes as Minnesota with 15,074; although only 6,044 of the lakes are named. A lake is commonly left unnamed if it is too tiny, a farm pond, or a minor lake in a remote area.

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highest-rate-boat-ownership-chartistry

On the flip side, which state do you think would have the lowest rate of boats and yachts per capita? You may be surprised to find that Hawaii ranked last in the nation with a rate of 8.5 boats and yachts per 1,000 people. Minnesota’s rate per capita is seventeen times the rate in Hawaii! Why is the rate so low in a state that is surrounded by water? Apparently a lack of support for the industry and its necessary infrastructure is to blame. Hawaii’s limited number of marinas are small in size, and many are in need of repair. This has led to a high cost for storing boats on land, another deterrent to the state’s boating industry. Which states were you surprised to see had such a high, or low, rate of boat ownership?

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Charts

What is the Most Troublesome Transmissible Disease Around the World?

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Transmissible diseases, also known as infectious or communicable diseases, are illnesses that spread from person to person through breathing in an airborne disease, contact with an infected person’s blood or bodily fluids, or being bitten by an infected insect. These diseases can range from being asymptomatic to being fatal. What is the most troublesome transmissible disease in each country?

most-troublesome-tranmissible-disease-chartistry

The above visualization utilizes a Choropleth heat map to indicate the transmissible disease that is responsible for the most disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost in every country. Below, bubbles are used to represent the DALYs lost to each country’s most dangerous transmissible disease.

The following are the 10 countries that have the most DALYs lost due to their respective most dangerous transmissible diseases:

  1. India: 24,836.1 DALYs lost to tuberculosis
  2. Nigeria: 16,230.4 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  3. Pakistan: 5,861.8 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  4. Indonesia: 4,985.2 DALYs lost to tuberculosis
  5. South Africa: 4,637.9 DALYs lost to HIV/AIDS
  6. Democratic Republic of the Congo: 4,586.6 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  7. China: 4,209.4 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  8. Ethiopia: 3,267.5 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections
  9. Mozambique: 3,163.5 DALYs lost to HIV/AIDS
  10. Philippines: 2,166.6 DALYs lost to lower respiratory infections

India tops the list with nearly 25,000 life years lost due to tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease that attacks the lungs. In 2020, an estimated 10 million people contracted tuberculosis, resulting in about 1.5 million deaths. Symptoms of tuberculosis include coughing, chest pain, weight loss, and fever.

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